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This term is the overall elements or factors that make up the grapes used in wine. For example, the soil, the altitude, the temperature, the climate, the rainfall, and more that can influence the taste of a wine.    


Typically found in full-bodied red wine, this type of wine are grown in higher altitudes. Tempranillo has flavors of cherry, plum, earthy mineral, and strawberry mixed together.  


This tartrates can be seen on the cork, potassium bitartates can form during fermentation and aging due to high levels of tartaric acid. Tartrates can be avoided through stabilization and filtration.  


This is a wine with high levels of acidity. It comes from under-developed wines that are lean.    


Tannins give wine a roundness quality when it is young. Tannins influences the wine’s dry and harsh texture. The level of tannins in a wine is caused by the stems, seeds, and the skin of the grapes. Tannic wines are usually not ready to be drink.    


A wine with noticeable sugar. It is only good when it is balanced with the acids so it would not have an overly sweet taste.  


This wine is very strong grape that has a spice quality that flows smoothly in your mouth. This is commonly found in red blends wine.    

Sustainable Wine

Sustainable wine is a winemaking process that considers the environment in the process. The vineyard can implement artificial and natural products to best suit the least additives in the winemaking process. This process is commonly implemented in pest management.    

Sur Lie

The French translation “on the lees” is when an aged wine is lingered to interact with dead yeast cells. These wines are not fermented and not racked.    


A smooth red wine that is soft, lush, velvety, and is rich in flavor that has matured tannins.